Furnishing a home without a design is one of the biggest mistakes you can make when setting up a home.

That is because the result may not be what you desired, aesthetically and, more importantly, functionally!

And this could cost you dearly, financially, but mainly in terms of well-being!

Let’s go through together the most common mistakes made when not planning.


By “big picture vision,” I don’t mean knowing precisely which elements you want to have, but rather the mood you want to create in the house.

It’s essential to start gathering some images that inspire you about environments!

You can create a folder on Pinterest or your computer.

Once you’ve collected them, use programs like PowerPoint or Canva to see them all together and see what you like or don’t.

What do the various images have in common? It could be the color palette or the style.

If the feelings you experience when looking at those images are what you want to feel in your home, then you’ve found your general idea and can delve deeper into the details!

The big-picture vision is also helpful for the future.

In fact, for a thousand reasons, you might decide not to buy everything at once, but with this big-picture vision, you’ll always stay focused on the “goal”!

Starting from this perspective, as you find the items you would like to purchase, you will create a specific mood board, placing those items close together to see whether or not they meet the initial vision.

(credits: viverelostile; Knoll)


I’m sure you’ll take the room’s main measurements, like the length, width, and height.

And you’ll also measure the encumbrances of doors and windows or any architectural elements. However, what is not always considered is how to relate the elements to each other afterward. Let me explain better: it happens that if a three-meter sofa fits on paper, one might not think about how well it will work once other furniture is added!

I say this from personal experience: in my first home, I bought two sofas, one three-seater and one two-seater.

On paper, I could have placed them in an L-shape, but in reality, the space became cramped and poorly usable.

I resolved it by placing them facing each other, but if I had taken better measurements, maybe instead of one of the sofas, I could have gotten armchairs!

It might have even cost me less, but more importantly, I would have created the conversation area as I wanted and wouldn’t have been forced to put the TV in the corner!

The space would have felt lighter and definitely more usable.

It’s also paramount to see where the outlets are to avoid covering any of them!

There are other vital measurements to consider as well, which I’ve discussed here.

How can you ensure buying proportionate elements and maintaining good use of space?

Obviously, there are design programs like SketchUp or Homestyler, but it could become lengthy and complicated if you’re not skilled with them.

As mentioned other times, the best, simplest, and cheapest way is to draw the dimensions with paper tape!

You’ll immediately see if you can move comfortably between the various elements!

(credits: optimaproperties.com; thesunnysideupblog.com)


It happens to see a piece of furniture or an accessory in a store, fall in love with it, and, on impulse, buy it.

Then, you bring it home only to discover that it doesn’t fit with the rest or doesn’t fit because it’s too big.

That can happen if you skip the two previous points!

But once you’ve bought it, what do you do? You can’t always return things!

When you see something you like, look at your mood board and see if it fits well with the rest.

If something doesn’t quite match, ask yourself what it is: the shape or the color?

Then look if there’s something similar that actually makes sense with the rest.

After doing this, don’t forget to check the measurements: think about where you’d like to place it and see not just if it fits but if it risks suffocating the space or, conversely, getting “lost”!

(credits: camillestyles.com; leclairdecor.com)


The urge to have everything immediately is a bad advisor.

You risk buying something because it’s “necessary,” like a sofa, but in the end, it’s not the right one for a thousand reasons.

Don’t buy something just because you need it without being absolutely convinced and without checking, as mentioned earlier, that it aligns with your vision!

Once you’ve made the purchase, especially if it’s significant, you won’t change things immediately, and you’ll end up with a home that doesn’t fully represent you.

I know you can’t wait to have the house of your dreams, but take your time to make conscious purchases that are functional and represent you.

Only then will the house truly support you!

(credits: at_lucys_house; westwing.fr)


That ties back to the previous point of wanting to have everything immediately!

Apart from the risk, as mentioned earlier, of buying things that don’t fully represent you, it could lead you to buy “unnecessary” or less functional items!

There’s nothing like living in the house to understand what you REALLY need absolutely!

While a bed and kitchen are essential, paradoxically, the rest can be acquired even after you’ve moved in!

It might sound extreme in the opposite sense now, but the reasoning should be: what can I absolutely not do without?

Start from there, looking for items that align with your mood board and the measurements of the house.

Then, enter the home, live in it, and furnish it by truly tailoring it to you!!

(credits: urbanoutfitters.com; obsessed4interiors)

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

Lately, especially during the live sessions with Dr. Francesca Basile, I’ve been talking about change and the importance of improving our spaces so they can always support us!

However, often, when we want to make changes to our home, we don’t know where to start!

In fact, we’re so used to our spaces that we don’t know what needs to change!

We could say we’re accustomed and don’t notice things anymore because they’ve “always been that way,” and we’ve lived with them well (or almost)!!

But if you want to freshen up your home, you should look at your spaces with different eyes!

To do this, it’s helpful to enter each room as if it were the first time, with paper and pen, and ask yourself a series of questions!


Take note of what catches your eye at first; naturally, there’s no right or wrong answer!

It could be a painting, a console, a simple vase, or a photo frame!

Now ask yourself: “Is this what I want people to see first?”

While it’s correct that your home should represent you and please you, it’s equally true that if there’s something you don’t like, you might avoid or limit invitations because of it.

Moreover, if you don’t want it to be the first thing people see, actually, you don’t want it to be the first thing you see, either!

(credits: Scout & Nimble; etsy.com)


No matter how small the room may be, it should give a sense of spaciousness and be as bright as possible!

Not all rooms have abundant natural light, but as mentioned other times, there are many tricks to “brighten it up.”

Primarily, use mirrors, then glossy surfaces and metals, which are elements that best reflect light!

(credits: puresaltinteriors.com; realestate.com.au)


Take a critical look at your surroundings and answer honestly.

You should feel welcomed, embraced, and immediately at ease when you enter different rooms.

If this isn’t the case, try to think of those things that would make you feel better.

It could be changing colors, using textures and materials, or personalizing with some unique objects or decorations!

(credits: @indiebohonest; marianaorsi.com.br)


It’s crucial that when entering a room, the gaze can flow freely throughout the space.

That creates an unconscious pleasure in the mind, promoting relaxation.

There may, indeed there should, be a focal point that draws more attention, but generally, the gaze should be able to move without any “obstacles.”

Therefore, it’s advisable to remove or rearrange anything that might somehow hinder this flow of vision!

(credits: Becky Shea Design; Rafael Soldi)


Check that there are no areas where all the furniture is too clustered and others empty.

Having everything placed only on one side of the room creates an imbalance that leads to an unconscious discomfort in the mind.

It’s good to balance visual weights and play with heights for the same reason!

Moreover, this will also help with the previous point, as it will aid in the flow of the gaze!

(credits: johnlewis.com; ruggable.com)


The walls are also crucial, and walls too crowded with photographs and paintings can feel suffocating!

While it’s true that empty spaces are necessary to provide breathing room, it’s equally accurate that completely empty walls can appear sad!

In addition to the number of decorations, be mindful of their sizes; everything should be proportionate: decorations that are too small will get lost, and those that are too large will dominate.

Choose elements that represent you, that hold meaning for you, and, of course, harmonize with the chosen style and colors!

(credits: cose di casa; rh.com)


Speaking of colors, does your palette appear varied and harmonized or flat and monotonous?

Colors must create play and contrast to add movement and rhythm to the room.

Even if you choose a monochromatic palette, playing with the same color’s saturations, shades, tones, and nuances is paramount!

If you have more than one color, following some precautions is paramount, I discussed it here.

(credits: posterstore.co.uk; Meridiani living)


In addition to playing with various color saturations, everything mustn’t be smooth and solid-colored, as the environment would appear somewhat flat.

You can use patterns or textures on walls, perhaps with wallpaper!

If that seems too much, use them on curtains, rugs, cushions, armchairs, and even sofas!

There are also some slight considerations regarding pattern combinations for a harmonious and pleasant result, which I discussed here!

(credits: Jenn Feldman; furniture jolene-113)


Clutter isn’t ideal for beautiful, harmonious, and relaxing spaces; we’ve said it other times.

Check to see if there are things around that would be better stored away; perhaps you need to add a few more storage elements.

They could be baskets that, moreover, will decorate, add textures, and “warmth” to the environment!

By clutter, I also mean the visual clutter of a room that may be too full of furniture or objects.

Evaluate critically if there’s too much and if you might feel a bit “overwhelmed”; if so, try to remove some!

(credits: yanaprydalna.com; kassavello.com)


That is also an essential aspect of improving your spaces.

You might be tired of hearing it, but plants reconnect us to nature, making them essential elements for our homes.

You don’t need to have a jungle; sometimes, just a leaf or some branches will do, and there isn’t a room (excluding the utility room) that can’t have plants!

While real ones are preferable, if, like me, you’re not exactly blessed with a green thumb, know that it’s been proven that even artificial ones (as long as they look realistic) have the same effect on the mind!

And this holds even in terms of Feng Shui!

(credits: @oh.eight.oh.nine; afloral.com)

If you examine the various rooms of your home by asking yourself these questions, you’ll find that you’ll be able to identify areas where improvements may be needed to enhance the spaces!

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

Do you have a small home and don’t know how to make it beautiful, cozy, and functional?

We’ve said it other times: a small home is definitely more challenging to furnish, but not impossible.

Nowadays, especially with new constructions, encountering this type of housing is very likely!

Let’s see what to do in the case of a small home!


When dealing with a small home, one might think they should opt for tinier furniture and accessories.

While maintaining a certain proportion is paramount, to have a few slightly larger pieces than many smaller ones is better.

First and foremost, smaller pieces might not be as comfortable or functional.

Also, too many pieces can create visual clutter, making the space feel even smaller.

From a Feng Shui perspective, it’s important not to overcrowd the space to allow energy to flow freely.

If the room is too full, the energy may become stagnant.

In addition to size, consider the type of furniture as well: it’s better to opt for pieces with simple, minimalist lines to avoid weighing down the space.

(credits: @elemorlovedecor_blog; @anabarcenasinteriorista)

As seen other times, it would also be ideal for furniture to have legs for being raised from the ground, creating the illusion of more space underneath and tricking the mind into perceiving greater spaciousness.

Additionally, like before, this allows for the flow of energy, making it an excellent choice from a Feng Shui perspective.

(credits: Ikea; theblushhome.com)


Very useful are also transformable or foldable furniture pieces, which you can open/enlarge or fold back depending on your needs!

There are many different types available on the market, and they can be quite aesthetically pleasing as well.

The same goes for multifunctional elements, such as storage ottomans/benches or chairs that you can use near the table or the sofa, depending on the occasion.

That allows for having fewer items that serve multiple functions!

(credits: lumisource.com; goodideatrade.com)

For making the right choice, good initial planning is crucial, where you understand how you use spaces, giving more importance to areas that you use most frequently.

For instance, if you don’t always have guests for lunch or dinner, a small extendable table in the dining area might suffice, providing more breathing space for the living room!

(credits: Amazon; Ikea)


When space is limited, it’s easy to feel intimidated, and when following advice (including the previous one) to opt for linear and essential furniture, there’s a risk of ending up with a result that doesn’t represent the home inhabitants.

If the house doesn’t reflect your style, it won’t be comfortable or functional, and you won’t feel at ease.

So, how do you express your style when having simple and linear furniture is essential?

Express your style through decorations!

“Less is more” is a must in small spaces, but “less” doesn’t mean lacking character!

Start with a minimal base, as mentioned before, for large furniture pieces, choosing items that can adapt to any style.

Then, express your personality with smaller accessories such as a unique chair, perhaps a designer piece, artwork, cushions, and so on.

By doing this, you’ll maintain airy spaces with character and personality – your own!

Moreover, this approach allows you to change things frequently without breaking the bank each time!

(credits: @reserve_home; flipboard.com)


We often talk about order for inviting and harmonious homes, but in small spaces, it’s vital to avoid visually constricting the area further!

Again, in this case, “less is more” is truly significant because it makes it easier to maintain a tidy home.

Having too many things scattered around isn’t ideal, even from a Feng Shui perspective, as it tends to stagnate energy rather than allow it to flow freely!

Tools for organizing drawers and closets can help maintain order.

There’s a wide variety available on the market, ranging in size and price to suit every need and budget!

Organizing drawers and closets effectively will allow for easy access to everything.

When items are practical to take out and put away, it’s much easier to maintain order!

Additionally, you can consider other storage elements such as benches, ottomans, or baskets, which not only serve a functional purpose but can also be decorative.

Among storage elements are still storage beds or beds with drawers, which are undoubtedly convenient but not recommended from a Feng Shui perspective due to the potential energy blockage.

If you want to utilize the space under the bed, it’s better to use boxes, perhaps with wheels, so you can move them around during cleaning and, thus, stir up the energy!

(credits: cherishedbliss.com; Etsy)


In small spaces, it’s essential to have airy and bright environments.

Therefore, maximizing natural light is vital!

To achieve this, it’s important to keep windows and French doors clean and free from obstruction by plants, furniture, or curtains!

For privacy, use lightweight and filtering curtains.

If you prefer double curtains and want a thick and colorful one, use an extra-long rod so that, when it’s open, it doesn’t cover the window but only a part of the wall.

Pay attention to the color of the curtains, as they will tint the light filtering through and subsequently alter the perception of colors in the house!

(credits: Cille Grut; inredningshjalpen.com)

If your home isn’t so bright, help duplicate the light with mirrors, glossy elements, and metallic items!

However, avoid overdoing shiny or metallic elements to prevent the environment from feeling too cold!

Strategically position mirrors; practically, placing them in front of windows maximizes reflected light because they capture more.

However, from a Feng Shui perspective, this “sends back” the entering energy, so it’s better to position them laterally to invite energy to enter!

(credits: decoholic.org; Nordic design)


Colors also play an important role in light reflection, and white is the ultimate reflective color.

From the live with color expert Claudia Piolatto (if you missed it, you can find it here), we understood that avoiding pure white is better because it can cause glare and tends to create somewhat sterile environments.

However, there are more than 150 shades of white, so you can absolutely find the most suitable one.

It’s not mandatory to totally eliminate colors!

For walls, choose light colors that aren’t too vivid and avoid strong contrasts (which visually shrink the space).

Feel free to use stronger colors in accessories and objects to add rhythm and character.

(credits: @anthology_creative_studio; article.com)

N.B. The bedroom could be an exception to light colors, and here’s why.

Dark colors create a cozy, intimate environment akin to a warm embrace, which is particularly important in the bedroom!

So, if you like them, feel free to use them!

Since the bedroom is primarily for resting and sleeping, prioritizing brightness at all costs can be overlooked.

However, I still advise maintaining consistency with the colors, perhaps opting for richer versions or toning them down with gray or black in the case of very vibrant colors.

That will maintain a sense of harmony throughout the space!

(credits: Pella Hedeby; Studio Enass)

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

Colors, as we know, can influence our emotions, so it’s essential to consider how we want to feel in a given environment to choose the right ones.

That applies to the entire house, but especially to the bedroom because it’s where we most need to feel good and safe, thus promoting also good sleep!

So today, we’ll look at some suitable bedroom color combinations!


Using dark colors is ideal if you love the idea of a cozy and enveloping bedroom.

Using deep blues with a warm undertone, rich browns, and charcoal grays gives a comforting sense of intimacy, like a hug and a sense of security!

Moreover, they are associated with the concept of sophistication and depth.

Dark shades also significantly enhance the cone of light from every light source, which is less visible with light colors!

That creates a beautiful contrast with the dark tones and intensifies the feeling of intimacy!


Black or anthracite grays are quite beautiful but not so easy to use because they can result in a flat look.

If you opt for a monochromatic combination, it’s wise to use different finishes and textures to add some movement and play!

Wallpaper could be an example, but also in textiles like blankets and pillows; this, in addition to the movement mentioned earlier, also helps to soften everything!

I suggest painting the ceiling white anyway to maintain a minimum of openness in the room; everything completely dark could become overwhelming!

Another way to brighten the room could be to dress the bed with light textiles!

That will create some contrast and, as with textures, soften the environment a bit.

Everything doesn’t need to be solid color; conversely, introducing patterns, once again, creates some play and movement.

These patterns can be tone-on-tone, playing with various saturations, or you can introduce some other color to contrast and brighten things up.

(credits: Ikea; Lovisa Häger foto Jesper Florbrandt)


Browns are another way to create cozy and moody environments.

They are definitely lighter compared to blacks and also more natural.

However, it’s still a dark color, so it’s good to balance it with lighter shades.

For a more enveloping environment, with browns (if they’re not overly dark), you can use the same color for walls, floors, and ceilings.

Also, in this case, remember to play with textures and patterns to create movement!

(credits: @ideabedroom; @rustandtrust)


In general, blues are calming tones, making them perfect for the bedroom.

Certainly less dramatic than black, one can use blue with more ease!

Blues are fantastic when paired with browns because they are the exact opposite in temperature.

Brown warms up blue, giving the rooms a relaxing sensation.

You can use brown as a color, but it’s even better as a material like wood.

Another great way to brighten blues is by using brass elements; the contrast is pleasant and elegant.

In the case of a monochromatic pairing, again, I recommend playing not only with various shades of blue but also with different textures and patterns.

That creates movement and adds character to the room.

(credits: Jotun; Studio Enass)


For a relaxing and reassuring bedroom, softer colors like powder blue, sage green, and other pastel shades are most suitable.

These colors are associated with nature, such as water, sky, or tree leaves, elements that reinforce the feeling of calmness and tranquility.


As we saw earlier, blues are calming colors, and lighter ones are reassuring and relaxing as well.

This color is cold and quite luminous, which will visually enlarge the room and give a sense of freshness and space.

One can use it on ceilings as well as walls, and even in a monochromatic pairing, the result will be pleasant and inviting.

Being so light, it almost becomes a neutral color and serves as a perfect background if you want to use some darker blue accents.

As mentioned earlier, it’s a cold color, so it’s always good to warm it up with elements like wood and wicker.

Alternatively, you can add a bit of cheerfulness by incorporating some touches of orange, its complementary color.

That will add some dynamism and make it more contemporary.

As always, to add some movement and character, it’s also good to play with textures and patterns here as well.

(credits: Ikea; dudasenna_garden)


Greens are relaxing and rejuvenating colors and come in numerous shades, from pale green to richer olive green.

Sage green is the most commonly used because it’s less intense and imposing than olive green and deeper than pale green.

Although a monochromatic pairing, always playing with textures and patterns, is undoubtedly appealing, I recommend adding some browns either as colors or as elements like wood.

That combination is fabulous because it emphasizes the connection to nature!

(credits: @ideabedroom; posterstore)


Pink is a very delicate color, and if taken with a slight hint of brown, it’s perfect not only for a nursery but also for a master bedroom.

However, avoid candy pink or overly “sugary” shades, which are actually more challenging to pair and can become somewhat noisy!

Since it’s a very light color, it’s wise to have a few darker elements to add depth to the room.

If you don’t like dark colors, create contrast with whites to prevent the pink from becoming too flat.

(credits: @emilycapes1; stylebyemilyhenderson.com)


Light grays are the ultimate neutral colors for relaxing and reassuring bedrooms.

However, if you choose this color, you’ll need to pay close attention to its undertone, which could tend towards blue, green, or yellow.

The undertone drastically changes the perception of the environment.

Be careful to choose the one that best suits the existing finishes and furniture.

There is also a subcategory of gray called “greige,” a mix of gray and beige.

It’s a warm, enveloping color, very pleasant and subtle, with a contemporary and harmonious feel.

(credits: alvhem.com; Viktoria Askerow)


We can’t talk about bedrooms without mentioning whites.

Whites are bright, timeless colors that complement every style and easily pair with any other color.

But, as explained here, it’s easy to say white because, besides pure white, there are at least another 150 shades, depending on its undertone!!!

Some people don’t like white because they think it can be flat and monotonous; however, it’s actually the perfect backdrop for any feeling you want to evoke.

Moreover, you only need to change details such as blankets, pillows, and a few decorative elements to have an ever-changing room.

Even a total white look can be fascinating if you create movement with different textures, finishes, and patterns, too!

(credits: lifeoncedarlane.com; thebrainandthebrawn.com)


For an energizing bedroom, it’s good to use warm colors like red, peach, salmon pink, yellows, and oranges.

The advice with all these colors (especially red, yellow, and orange) is to avoid their most vibrant version because they would be too stimulating and disturb sleep.

Use these shades in less saturated versions by adding white for lighter colors, grays, or blacks for darker colors.

This way, you’ll retain their energizing properties while creating a more relaxed and tranquil atmosphere.

Use the brighter tones in small accent elements like pillows or some decorations!

(credits: clemaroundthecorner.com; @toc_estudiocreativo)


The choice between these color combinations will depend on the feelings you want to experience in your bedroom.

Another element to consider in the choice is the existing finishes, such as the flooring, unless you decide to change it (that’s also a color to think about).

If you’re having difficulty making a choice, you could start with something you love, like the headboard of the bed, a particular painting, a rug, etc.

Additionally, consider how much natural light enters the room and its orientation.

As we’ve seen other times, a north-facing room receives colder light than one facing south!

I hope this article about bedroom color combinations has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

The home is not just a roof under which to eat and sleep but a LIVE place that supports us in every aspect, especially our psychophysical well-being.

The home should be that place where we feel good, where we let down our defenses, and where we rediscover and are ourselves!

To truly make it so, it’s paramount to pay attention to some details.

Let’s see them together.


An essential aspect of having a home that supports well-being is that it’s designed to represent you 100%.

Sometimes there’s a tendency to follow fashion trends, partly because they please the eye, partly to impress others, but this is a mistake!

Your home should exude your personality in every detail and be furnished with intention!

Each space should be designed to honestly support your lifestyle and personal way of being and living in the home.

Therefore, the choice of furniture, materials, and colors should be made based on your personality, as mentioned a moment ago.

They should please your eyes, of course, but also your body and soul, and they should speak of you!

Always start with a list of things that are important to you to create environments that are comfortable and harmonious for you.

(credits: luxesource.com; breyi.com)


The same house and room can be furnished in many different ways, not only in style and colors but also in layouts!

It’s essential, first and foremost, that everything is arranged functionally for your way of living in the space.

As mentioned other times, consider the primary function for each room and then plan everything else around it.

An example I always give is the living room: is the primary function to entertain guests or watch TV?

You can see how the arrangements would differ!

Everything should be arranged functionally for you (you’re always at the center of everything!)

When functionally positioning things, it’s also vital to ensure that everything is easily accessible.

You should be able to move around the rooms and access everything without “jumping over obstacles” or moving things around.

This ease of access will make everything flow more smoothly, and you’ll enjoy every space totally.

Moreover, this fluidity will also make cleaning easier, making it, I won’t say enjoyable, but at least not stressful!

funzionalità e fruibilità casa che supporta benessere

(credits: Isabelle Dimang; optimaproperties.com)


Light is essential for psychophysical well-being.

It has been shown that in Nordic countries where the population experiences very few hours of daylight for many months of the year, the incidence of depression is higher.

Therefore, it’s paramount to have a bright home and to make the most of natural light first and foremost!

Sometimes, rooms tend to be dark, and in these cases, it’s vital to implement some strategies, such as using glossy materials (without overdoing them because they can make the environment feel cold) and, above all, mirrors.

Mirrors strategically placed, more or less in front of the window, can double the light in the room!

Another helpful trick is to use shiny metals in the lamp stems, chair and table legs, handles, and frames, for example!

Metals will also help reflect light.

It goes without saying that artificial light is essential as well.

Every room should have proper general lighting to see everything well.

However, as you know by now, this isn’t enough; it should be supplemented by other sources of light that can create atmosphere and be useful for activities (for example, a lamp near the couch, especially if you enjoy reading!).


(credits: studio mcgee; Studio-design-HDm2)


We’ve mentioned this other times: buying furniture and accessories made from natural materials is essential.

That is good for the environment, we know that, but it’s also good for us.

Warm materials like wood provide a pleasant sensation, even if unconscious because they connect us to nature.

The same goes for fabrics, such as cotton, linen, wool, or velvet, because they are free from synthetic substances and are much more pleasant to the touch (often also to the eye).

Natural materials are free from chemicals that are often harmful, so using them for furniture coverings, accessories, and fabrics means creating healthy environments.


(credits: hoskelsa; @oh.eight.oh.nine)


Colors have an incredible psychological impact on us (I discuss it here), so they should be chosen carefully.

The calming colors of nature, such as sand, greens, and blues, are always an excellent choice for relaxing environments that connect us to nature.

It’s also a good idea to prefer warm tones or at least warm up cooler tones with the proper materials.

Neutral colors are very suitable for cozy and relaxing settings.

By neutral colors, I mean any color desaturated with white for a lighter tint or black for a darker color!

To have vibrant spaces, play with the tones and shades of colors from the palette, and dare with walls of intense colors.

If you love bright colors, use them to add character, maybe not in large quantities, but in accessories and decorations (the famous 10% of the 60-30-10 rule: I discuss it here).

(credits: habitatbyresene.co.nz; @rcpa)


Undoubtedly, this point won’t surprise you; we’ve mentioned it many times!

Plants have a calming power because they mentally connect us to nature, which relaxes us.

This power is visual, so even though it’s better with authentic plants, it still applies to artificial ones.

Authentic plants have an added bonus, which is their ability to purify the air, and, of course, this is a great thing!

There isn’t a room in the house that can’t have plants, except maybe for a windowless bathroom or a storage room.

You can even put them in the bedroom!

Decorate with plants: get some tall ones that reach the ceiling, and get some small ones to put in your compositions on consoles, bookshelves, and tables.

You can even use just branches or decorative leaves; they have an elegant, minimal effect!


(credits: harlowejames.com; Scout & Nimble)


For those who aren’t minimalist at heart (like myself, I admit, I’m not), it’s easy to “accumulate” many things.

That impacts our homes and, therefore, us!

When you have a lot, it’s much harder to clean and keep everything well-organized, and things end up occupying important spaces (both in sight and drawers and closets).

It’s vital to get rid of what no longer serves a purpose, what no longer represents us, what no longer has meaning.

I know it’s not easy, but there’s a trick here too!

First of all, DON’T do everything at once; after a while, you might get tired and give up, rearranging everything as before.

Dedicate an hour a week, 10/15 minutes a day, whatever suits you best, and start with one room and one closet and then continue.

You don’t need to get rid of everything RIGHT AWAY; for the things you’re unsure about, only start by setting them aside!


Find a corner where you can keep a bit of temporary clutter and put everything there that you might not use anymore or doesn’t fit but, for various reasons, you find it hard to let go of.

Once you’ve tidied up the whole room, look at the result and savor how it makes you feel.

At that point, you can look at everything you’ve accumulated with different eyes and decide, with greater awareness, what to do with it.

Some things might find their way back to their place, which is fine, but it won’t be the same as before because you’ve made space!

Most of the things, however, will leave your home, I’m sure of it.

Of course, you don’t have to throw everything away; what’s in good condition can be given away or sold.

Believe me: this work will create space in your home, sure, but also in your mind!

(credits: Pins studio; lillytaylorinteriors)

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

In several articles, I’ve emphasized the importance of maintaining a consistently tidy home for an organized, inviting, harmonious, and refined living space.

Avoiding visual clutter is crucial not only for aesthetic appeal but also for higger well-being, both mentally and physically.

A tidy home reduces stress, enhances focus, improves sleep, and even improves self-esteem.

Some small habits and actions can assist us in keeping our homes perpetually neat. Let’s explore them together.


One of the reasons our homes (yes, I include myself!) are often in disarray is because we have TOO many things, and managing them all becomes overwhelming.

The more items we have, the easier it is for them to accumulate and create chaos, making us less motivated to tidy up: a vicious cycle!

Therefore, it’s essential to eliminate anything that is unnecessary and no longer serves a purpose.

I know it’s not easy, and, let’s admit it, often we don’t even know where to start, and it might take time, leading us to give up!

The trick is to do it in small doses: dedicate 10-15 minutes a day, or even per week if you prefer, and start with one room at a time, tackling drawers, closets, etc.

There might be items with sentimental value: set them aside, maybe create a box for them.

However, they must indeed hold meaning; otherwise, let them go.

Give away or sell the rest if it’s in good condition and usable, or merely throw it!

You’ll see that, as you gradually go through this process, your home will become increasingly tidy, and you might even enjoy it!

Once you finish, maintaining order will become easier.

You’ll also have made space for the new, but be cautious not to fill it up again.

Even when making new purchases, do it consciously: Do I really need it? Will I use it?

If it’s something decorative, ask yourself if it adds value, holds meaning, reflects who you are, or if it might eventually lose its charm.

(credits: El mueble; @oh.eight.oh.nine)


Everything should have its designated place and be conveniently and functionally accessible.

If items don’t have a dedicated space, they end up lying around, creating clutter.

Therefore, it’s crucial that everything has a designated spot for storage.

Be mindful in choosing these spaces; they should make sense and, as mentioned earlier, be convenient and easily accessible.

Otherwise, items will end up scattered once again!

You can find a million ideas on how to organize your home with various types of containers: many of them beautiful, and I’ve suggested some myself.

The thing is, they’re not for everyone.

What works for some may be inconvenient and not very functional for others!

No matter how aesthetically pleasing things are, if they’re not practical, you may tire of using them and revert to the chaos from before.

The trick, as always, lies in thinking not in micro-categories but macro. Let me explain with a practical example:

In the kitchen, for instance, instead of having a jar for each type of pasta in the pantry, you could use a basket or a larger container to organize the bags/packages.

While there will still be a variety of colors from different containers, they will be “confined” in one space, making it neater and easier for you to access them, especially when unpacking groceries.

The same principle applies to bathroom drawers/cabinets.

Group items by categories: soaps, perfumes, cosmetics, razors, etc., and then place them in separate containers.

You’ll immediately notice a difference in terms of order while maintaining practicality.

A small tip: try to find and use containers that are visually consistent in terms of material for a cohesive look.

I’d suggest investing a bit more time, especially for containers holding items like shampoo, conditioner, and body wash, as they are quite visible.

(credits: Ikea)


It might seem almost trivial, but making the bed every morning is genuinely vital for keeping the home consistently tidy!

Firstly, it serves a hygienic purpose: a well-made bed prevents dust and dirt from settling on the sheets.

Moreover, coming home after a long day of work and seeing your bed neatly arranged and ready to welcome you is actually a psychological boost.

On the other hand, seeing it in disarray may unconsciously bother you, perhaps triggering memories of chaotic or stressful situations you may have experienced during the day.

Invest a few minutes in this habit, remembering to adorn it with pillows and blankets: there doesn’t need to be a lot, just enough to make it immediately inviting and cozy!

(credits: @franzibower; lifeoncedarlane.com)


This suggestion might seem obvious, but I’ve often seen people leave dishes in the sink to wash them later or load the dishwasher afterward.

That tends to happen, especially during breakfast, when there’s a rush, and in the evening, when one is tired.

However, this has an impact on our minds and well-being because waking up in the morning or returning from the office to a chaotic kitchen is anything but relaxing and enjoyable.

Starting your day by dealing with the mess in the morning is not the best way to begin the day on a serene note!

And when it happens after a long day at work, when you might already be tired, it just adds stress!

Therefore, it’s a good habit to wash dishes immediately or, if you have one, load the dishwasher, leaving the kitchen organized and clean.

Plus, you’ll avoid lingering unpleasant odors!

(credits: exquisitelyunremarkable.com; studio-mcgee.com)


This point is similar to the previous two, especially the bed one!

Coming home to a tidy couch with plump cushions and neatly arranged blankets (even those that may seem casually thrown have a specific arrangement) has a positive and calming impact on us.

Similar to the bed, the couch becomes inviting and welcoming.

It doesn’t take much time, even less than making the bed, but this small habit will always leave the living room organized, pleasant, and relaxing!

(credits: Alamy;theloomia.com)


That is an often overlooked detail, but it’s paramount to be mindful of towels for two reasons.

Firstly, it is a good idea to change them regularly; it may seem trivial, but seeing crumpled dirty towels in the bathroom or kitchen is less than ideal.

Moreover, they inevitably develop odors that permeate the room.

The other thing to be cautious about is the color!

It’s a good idea, both for the kitchen and bathroom, to choose towels that align with the home color palette.

As always, this creates visual harmony, which is beneficial not only for the eyes but also for the mind.

Harmony has the power to calm and soothe, promoting relaxation!

(credits: eleanorrosehome.com; Jessica Windle)


It’s not always easy to have a shoe rack at the entrance, especially if it gives in a not-so-large open space.

Shoe racks are often placed in bedrooms or, ideally, in storage closets.

However, removing your shoes at the entrance, even if the shoe rack isn’t nearby, is paramount.

That is because, as you can imagine, we step on all sorts of things outside the house, and if we walk with our shoes inside, we inevitably bring these contaminants indoors!

We make an effort to keep everything in order, and then we risk having a dirty floor.

That is another factor that creates visual disorder and unconscious discomfort.

Leave a pair of well-kept slippers near the door, take off your shoes as soon as you enter, and put them away in the shoe rack.

Do the reverse when you need to leave.

It’s a small habit that you’ll quickly adapt to, and it will effectively help you maintain a consistently tidy home!

(credits: Future PLC; decoactual.com)

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

Having a cozy, relaxing, and harmonious home has a positive impact not only visually but also emotionally!

The environment around us, including our interiors, significantly influences our psychophysical well-being; it’s scientifically proven!

It’s paramount, therefore, to be able to create settings that can support us, “nourish” us in everyday life and give us peace and serenity.

Let’s see today some ideas to bring harmony and well-being into our homes!


It’s not the first time I’ve said it, and even though it may seem obvious, I prefer to repeat it: a tidy home is decidedly more inviting and relaxing than a messy one.

And this is not only for potential guests but also for ourselves!

Chaos, even just having a room too cluttered, creates visual overstimulation that induces a sense of discomfort!

Imagine a well-kept lawn with beautiful trees and flowers, and now imagine the same lawn with tall grass, flowers scattered randomly, and maybe too many trees suffocating each other…

Where would you prefer to stay?

The same goes for the home!

I know it’s not always easy, but first of all, it’s essential to eliminate everything that is not used or no longer serves a purpose.

That will help free up space and allow for better organization of the remaining items.

Using baskets, decorative boxes, or storage furniture where you can put things away can be a valuable aid in keeping the house tidy.

Getting into the habit of tidying up before going to sleep is crucial: upon waking up, you won’t have the stress of having to organize, and the day will start in a more serene and calm manner.

You might also find that changing the position of furniture and objects to optimize the spaces could be a good idea!

So, don’t be afraid to move and rearrange things; you might discover that the new arrangement is more functional and aesthetically pleasing!

(credits: web; jambk)


As we’ve mentioned several times, the bedroom is the most relevant room in the house because it’s where we let go of all our defenses when we go to sleep.

It’s paramount, therefore, that it is inviting and relaxing.

To achieve this, you can help yourself by dressing the bed in a cozy way, with blankets and pillows, so that it makes you feel like slipping in and letting yourself be embraced.

You can also use a soft carpet; here, a long pile might make sense, as the traffic is minimal, often barefoot or at most with slippers.

Use bedside lamps with warm lights to promote relaxation and sleep.

Avoid using cell phones and tablets because the blue light they emit disrupts sleep.

It would also be better to avoid having a television in the bedroom for the same reason.

If, by chance, you have your workspace in the bedroom, find a way to screen it so that you don’t see it when you’re in bed.

Otherwise, your thoughts will unconsciously go to work again, disturbing your sleep.

Some plants and relaxing scents like lavender, lemon balm, and chamomile help with relaxation!

(credits: sweethome.com; ingredientsldn.com)


There are also other places to create relaxation corners!

One of these is the bathroom; no matter how small it may be, it can become a small spa!

The first thing to do is to have soft towels, perhaps some candles and fresh fragrances, and, why not, a bit of music.

Use the bathroom to take a moment for yourself and regenerate!

Then, explore the rest of the house, maybe in the living room, and find a small spot (perhaps near the window) where you can create a relaxation corner.

It takes very little: a comfortable chair and a lamp (perhaps even a plant), and the trick is done!

That will be the place to retreat to for reading a book or listening to music!

Some plants and relaxing scents like lavender, lemon balm, and chamomile help with relaxation!

(credits: westwingnow.it; planete-deco.fr)


We know that we feel harmonious and peaceful when surrounded by nature.

So, there’s nothing better than bringing it indoors to evoke the same emotions.

First of all, make the most of natural light by letting it in as much as possible.

Use light-filtering curtains and, if necessary, mirrors to amplify it!

In addition to plants and flowers, another way to bring nature indoors is by using organic elements such as cotton, linen, and wool for fabrics and wood and wicker for furniture and accessories.

Also, opt for neutral and light colors and use a warm color temperature for artificial lights.

All of this creates a calm and relaxing mood.

(credits: Sebastian Erras; Eric Kuster)


We mentioned it earlier; neutral and light colors help create a cozy and relaxing atmosphere!

When I talk about light neutrals, I don’t just mean white, gray, or cream, but also any desaturated colors (meaning white or gray has been added).

That allows for the use of colors and adds a particular play and visual interest.

Of course, this doesn’t mean giving up vibrant colors, but better to use them in small doses!

Blues and greens also have the calming and relaxing properties of neutral colors because they are colors we often see in nature.

So you can use them in more saturated tones, even on large surfaces like walls.

Remember, if you prefer cool blues or neutrals, warm them with warm colors or elements like wood!

(credits: graziademonte.com; Benjamin Moore)


To bring harmony and well-being into your home, you need to experience it fully.

It’s not enough for the house to be visually pleasing; it must engage all five senses.

Having different textures and consistencies, smooth – rough, soft – solid, for example, creates rhythm and depth and also engages the sense of touch!

Textiles like pillows, curtains, and rugs “soften” the environment, not only visually but also acoustically; voices and sounds will resonate less and be more pleasant!

Finally, scents!

Smell is the most powerful of our five senses and is closely tied to memories and emotions!

Scents can influence our mood and concentration!

Keep your home always fragrant with the help of candles and essential oils (you can find other suggestions here).

Among the best scents for calming and relaxing environments are lavender, eucalyptus, and rosemary.

(credits: kc-designco.com; maisons du monde)

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

Let’s start the new year by exploring together the 2024 home trends!

I want to remind you that these are suggestions and trends, and it’s not obligatory to follow everything, so only take what eventually resonates with you.


For years, completely white kitchens have been in vogue, primarily to evoke a greater sense of cleanliness and also for their undeniable brightness!

Now, the trend is not to completely abandon white but to opt for a warmer shade, a more “buttery” white.

That alone will make the kitchen less cold and, allow me, aseptic!

The addition of wood elements, unique materials for lamps, distinctive handles, and the introduction of plants and wicker will make the environment decidedly welcoming!

This approach to designing kitchens will allow for a timeless kitchen that will never become tiresome and can potentially evolve over time with small changes like handles or other decorative elements!

(credits: virtuves.lv; jennymartindesign)


Among the neutral colors used in interiors, gray is one of the favorites because it is a versatile color actually.

However, this year’s trend will be to use grays with a warm undertone to create inviting and cozy spaces.

If you’re wondering what an undertone is, I’ve discussed it here when I talked about neutrals!

Cool grays, compared to warm ones, create colder and duller environments.

That can have an impact on mood, giving a sense of depression.

It’s true, though, that cool grays provide a feeling of freshness, so they don’t need to be wholly avoided.

The trick, as always, is to balance them with warm elements, such as wood!

I would only suggest avoiding dark, cool grays; opt for lighter ones, as they can be “warmed up” more easily!

(credits: cocolapinedesign.com; H&M home)


The two previous points lead us to bid farewell to classic minimalism with its austere forms and lines, pure white, and cool grays, ushering in a style that can be described as more livable and “sustainable”!

The trend is to embrace warm minimalism, Nordic style, or wabi-sabi.

They all share the foundation of “less is more,” but the aim is to make the spaces warmer and more inviting!

Moreover, there’s a focus on being more flexible, allowing individuals to bring their own personality and character into their homes!

It will always start with neutral colors and attention to functionality – typical of minimalism – but softened and made more welcoming.

(credits: rikreainteriors.it; ruemag.com)


Speaking of warm tones, a color that many believe is making a comeback is terracotta!

That applies both to tiles and as a general color scheme.

Indeed, it’s a warm and enveloping brown color that makes spaces decidedly inviting and relaxing.

While it might not be among the colors of the year proposed by major brands, if you look at the color palettes they suggest to pair with their choices, you’ll notice many hues leaning towards brown!

Terracotta color can vary in saturation or tend towards red and pairs easily with many others, such as blue or green!

(credits: Living with Lolo; elmueble.com)


There has been a significant use of large tiles in recent years, even for wall coverings, to minimize the visibility of grout lines and create a more cohesive and uniform look.

Now, the focus has shifted towards zellige-style tiles, which are small, square, or rectangular tiles that appear handmade, as they are not “perfect.”

The edges are irregular, and there are variations in shade, even in solid-colored tiles.

They have a highly glossy glaze that reflects light beautifully.

And they are incredibly versatile.

Rectangular tiles, in particular, can be arranged in numerous patterns: vertical, horizontal, herringbone, and more.

Their irregularities are the distinctive features that make them special and create unique, timeless environments.

(credits: amyepeters; zweidesign)


In recent years, organic shapes have become highly trendy (and continue to be), and this trend has extended to rugs as well.

You’ll find many rugs with unique shapes that serve as decorative accents in various spaces.

They are undoubtedly distinctive and, at times, playful, often used in expansive areas.

However, be cautious of nearby elements; the risk of creating chaotic environments is around the corner!

For consistent and harmonious spaces, other elements should have similar characteristics.

They pair well with furniture, especially sofas and armchairs, featuring organic shapes!

However, their irregular shape might make it challenging to arrange furniture uniformly.

For this reason, if you like these rugs, I’d suggest using them in small doses, perhaps in an entryway or to create a unique reading/relaxation nook.

(credits: tapis-studio.com;etsy.com)


With increased attention to sustainability, there’s also been a growing focus on the materials used in homes, leading to a rise in utilizing used and vintage furniture.

That trend we’ll see quite a bit in 2024, as it allows individuals to step away from the market of mass-produced industrial furniture and acquire unique and original pieces.

(credits: anthologycreatives.com; maisons du monde)


As mentioned earlier, there’s a greater emphasis on sustainability and nature.

We will witness increasingly sustainable homes with the use of natural materials, even in furniture and accessories.

That not only allows us to contribute positively to the environment but also to breathe “cleaner” air and let energy flow more freely in our spaces.

The growing desire for a connection with nature means we’re bringing more of it into our homes!

The inclusion of plants, water features, and fire elements, in addition to materials and curved shapes,  is an actual must.

And if you love a fireplace but don’t have one, I suggest looking at bioethanol fireplaces: they come in various sizes, from purely aesthetic to those capable of heating spaces!

(credits: Studio AG Arquitetura; planikauk.com)

What do you think?

Is there any trend you like and plan to incorporate into your home?

Let me know in the comments!

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

And here it is, the Pantone Color of the Year 2024: Peach Fuzz (13-1023).

The Pantone Color Institute celebrates its 25th anniversary with a delicate and soft peach color this year.

“A velvety and gentle peach whose all-encompassing spirit enriches the mind, body, and heart”

is how the company describes this delicate and simultaneously fresh color.

It’s a color we can define as neutral and calming but full of positivity, definitely very different from last year’s vibrant Viva Magenta!

The Viva Magenta, in fact, was a cochineal red, intense, and meant to galvanize the spirit and build inner strength.

This color is enveloping, delicate, and radiant, aiming to help strengthen empathy and compassion in a indeed tumultuous period.

“PANTONE 13-1023 Peach Fuzz brings belonging, inspires recalibration, and an opportunity for nurturing, conjuring up an air of calm, offering us a space to be, feel, and heal and to flourish from whether spending time with others or taking the time to enjoy a moment by ourselves”

Those are Leatrice Eiseman’s words, Executive Director of the Pantone Color Institute.

How to use this color in your home?

As mentioned earlier, it’s a delicate color that allows you to incorporate it into any home, whatever the style!

You can confidently use it on the walls, keeping in mind that, being a warm color, it may visually shrink the space a bit.

You can use it indiscriminately in all rooms, creating warm and inviting environments!

(credits: Manoj Patel Design Studio; Spoonflower)

(credits: Stacy Zarin Goldberg; the nordroom)

Regarding the walls, you can also use this color with wallpaper.

It works well in not overly large furnishings, such as a pouf, an armchair, a bench, or chairs.

You can incorporate paintings and objects with this color without any problem.

Of course, fabrics like blankets, pillows, and rugs can feature this color!

(credits: Jotun; Fanci home)

(credits: ruggable; the nordroom)

If you’re looking for wallpaper, fabrics, or rugs in this color, you can check out Spoonflower or Ruggable, brands that Pantone has collaborated with for his color of the year 2024!

Peach Fuzz is a color that easily complements many colors, both warm and cool tones, and pairs well with wood!

Pantone offers us 5 color palettes that are not the easiest to use:


Consisting of a sophisticated mix with a sophisticated and elegant mood.

The colors create subtle and refined contrasts.

It’s a palette that blends well with various styles.

(credits: Pantone)


It’s an engaging palette but not the easiest to combine because there’s a risk of creating “harlequin” environments.

Especially the first two colors (Mango Mint and Party Punch), it’s preferable to use them in small doses as accent colors!

(credits: Pantone)


It’s a true dichotomy of various colors that can indeed be harmoniously combined, although appearing quite discordant.

They are intense colors, mostly dark, so be careful not to weigh down the environment!

(credits: Pantone)


It is a monochromatic palette that embraces various peach tones, from the lightest and delicate to the most saturated and vibrant.

This palette, as well, is not the easiest to use because there’s a risk of a decidedly Barbie effect!

If you love this palette, use the softer colors as a base (principally Pristine, Honey Peach, and Peach Puree) and incorporate the more saturated ones in small doses, in decor items, and, perhaps, in a few cushions.

(credits: Pantone)


This palette is composed of decidedly vibrant colors.

Excluding Peach Fuzz and Little Boy Blue, with which you can be a bit bolder, I would use the other colors sparingly.

(credits: Pantone)

Do you like this Pantone color of the year 2024? Will you use it? Let me know in the comments!

(credits: Pantone)

I hope this article has been helpful and enjoyable for you. If so, let me know in the comments!

Feel free to share it with anyone you think might be interested, I would be honored, and it will help me gain more exposure.

If you feel that your home, or any specific area of it, doesn’t reflect your personality enough, don’t wait any longer and book your consultancy!

Today, we return to the Design Elements column, discussing 5 historic and famous design chairs (you can find 10 more here!).


Designed by Michael Thonet (an Austro-Hungarian cabinetmaker) for the eponymous company in 1859, it is an undisputed icon in furniture history.

Since its inception, this chair has remained the most successful and widely produced globally.

It is the first seat made from steam-bent wood, with a seat woven in straw.

It is known as the Bistro chair because it appeared in bars and restaurants in Vienna.

Due to being one of the first industrial products, the chair was sold at significantly lower prices than handmade chairs.

Comprising only six pieces of wood assembled with ten screws and two nuts, it has an essential and light appearance, featuring a classic design that also complements modern styles.

The renowned architect Le Corbusier described the chair as “the best design product in history for its ability to integrate technique and style.”

This chair is displayed as a work of art in many museums, such as the MoMA in New York and the Vitra Design Museum in Germany.

(credit: Thonet; @emmamelins)

2 – WASSILY CHAIR (formerly B3)

Designed by Marcel Breuer (Hungarian architect and designer, a prominent figure at Bauhaus) in 1925 and produced by his own company, Standard-Mobel Lengyel, in Berlin; then, the company was later absorbed by Thonet in 1929.

The chair gained recognition and mass production in the 1960s when Dino Gavina met Breuer and suggested reimagining the chair for his eponymous company (which was later bought by Knoll in 1968).

The name of the chair was also Gavina’s idea: Wassily, in honor of Wassily Kandinsky, a friend of Breuer and a great enthusiast of the chair.

It appears that Breuer drew inspiration from his Adler bicycle in using steel tubing to design and construct this chair.

That turned out to be a brilliant idea because steel tubing was readily available in large quantities, effectively initiating the production of steel tubular furniture.

Breuer employed the techniques of local plumbers to bring the chair to life.

The seat, backrest, and armrest are bands of eidengarn fabric: cotton treated with wax and paraffin, calendered by passing it between two rollers!

That is an innovation, a new material created in the furniture workshops of the Bauhaus, where Breuer served as the director.

Initially, the chair featured steel and black textiles, and later, to “soften” it, a version with cream-colored ones was introduced.

It is also available in red and other softer colors.

In 2019, for the centenary of the Bauhaus’s founding, a limited edition was crafted with black tubing: 500 units were produced, each bearing the Knoll seal, Breuer’s signature, and a unique serial number on the base.

(credits: Bauhaus; Knoll)

3 – CESCA CHAIR (Formerly B32)

Designed, like the previous one, by Marcel Lajos Breuer in 1928 and currently produced by Knoll, the Cesca chair draws inspiration from two historical seats: the MR10 by Van der Rohe and the Thonet 214.

It features a steel structure (similar to the Wassily) quite akin to Van der Rohe’s design, though more angular, while its seat and backrest are made of wood and Vienna straw, reminiscent of the Thonet 214.

Being a cantilever chair, it deviates from the traditional four-legged design, relying on a single tubular structure for support.

The combination of structural innovation and classic seat and backrest materials gives the chair a contemporary and versatile appeal, making it suitable for integration into various styles.

The carefully composed structure makes the frame visually lightweight yet remarkably durable and flexible.

It’s a very comfortable chair, available with or without armrests and with upholstered seats (and optionally backrests) for added comfort.

Interesting fact: given the resemblance to Mies Van Der Rohe’s chair, Breuer faced quite a few legal issues, to the extent that he couldn’t claim ownership of this chair and had to stop designing with tubular steel.

Despite everything, his name remained associated with the chair in various industry magazines.

In the 1960s, when the Gavina company acquired the design rights, Breuer was once again credited as the designer, and the chair’s name changed from B32 to Cesca after Breuer’s daughter, Francesca.

The Cesca chair remains one of the most imitated and best-selling chairs in the world.

(credits: tamsinjohnson.com)


Designed by Philippe Starck (French architect and designer) in 2002 for Kartell, the Louis Ghost Chair playfully nods to Louis XV-style armchairs and is crafted from polycarbonate.

Classic-baroque in style but modern in materials and production techniques, it took two years to perfect the injection molding process, ensuring the chair could be produced in a single mold without any joints or attachments.

This process, today, has been further refined, with a significant portion of the polycarbonate sourced from industrial waste from cellulose and paper production.

That reduces carbon dioxide emissions, resulting in a 60% reduction in environmental impact.

Due to its transparency, the chair is suitable for any setting and looks perfect even around an antique wooden table.

Undoubtedly one of Kartell’s best sellers, it holds the title of the world’s best-selling chair, despite not being the first transparent chair by the brand, which is the Marie.

In addition to the pure transparent version (crystal), you can also find the Louis Ghost Chair in other delicate colors, always maintaining its transparency, as well as in white or black.

You can also find original transformations, such as Teddie bear, Barbie-themed, with wings, illuminated, and more.

You can find it virtually everywhere, from restaurants to theaters, in numerous homes, and even on television.

Surprisingly, it has made appearances in religious ceremonies as well. In 2007, during an outdoor celebration with Pope Benedict XVI, we saw religious figures seated beside him on Louis Ghost chairs.

Even Queen Elizabeth II sat on a Louis Ghost Chair in 2018, sitting next to Anna Wintour while attending Richard Queen’s fashion show.

(credits: H2 Design and Build; Teresa Sapey)


Designed by Philippe Starck in 2010 and Eugeni Quitllet (Spanish designer) again for Kartell.

The Masters’ Chair features a distinctive backrest that, at first glance, appears to be an aesthetically pleasing weave.

However, it is, in fact, a tribute to three iconic chairs: the Series 7 by Arne Jacobsen, the Tulip Armchair by Eero Saarinen, and the Eiffel Chair by Charles Eames.

The profiles of the backrests of these chairs are overlaid and intertwined, creating a chair that, in itself, becomes an icon.

The chair is made from polypropylene, a material similar to expanded polystyrene, known for its high mechanical elasticity and durability.

It is lightweight, comfortable, stackable, and available in many colors, including metallic finishes.

These features make it highly versatile, and it earned the Good Design Award in 2010 from the Chicago Athenaeum Museum of Architecture and Design.

The Masters’ Chair also exists in a tall stool version suitable for kitchen islands, peninsulas, and bar counters.

(credits: Kartell; Lauren Nelson Design)

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